plantago ovata family

India dominates the world market in the production and export of psyllium. [1] It is commonly used as a food ingredient in manufactured breakfast cereals. Flavored versions were added in 1979. ... Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago and Plantago ovata, Psyllium husk and Ispaghula husk are other generic name for this imperative plant. Psyllium is produced mainly for its mucilage content. Choking is a hazard if psyllium is taken without adequate water as it thickens in the throat. Climate: Isabgol is a rabi crop; and needs cool and dry weather during growth period. The genus Plantago contains over 200 species. – desert Indianwheat Subordinate Taxa. In India, it is cultivated as a cash crop in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Plantago ovata, known by many common names including blond plantain, desert Indianwheat, blond psyllium, and isabgol, is a medicinal plant native to Mediterranean region and naturalized in central, eastern, and south Asia and North America. Aegypt.-Arab. [5] Psyllium seed husks are indigestible and are a source of soluble fiber which may be fermented into butyrate – a pharmacologically active short-chain fatty acid – by butyrate-producing bacteria. [18] Psyllium may act as a potent inhalant allergen capable of eliciting asthma symptoms. The fields are generally irrigated prior to seeding to achieve ideal soil moisture, to enhance seed soil contact, and to avoid burying the seed too deeply as a result of later irrigations or rainfall. Although its main use has been as a laxative, it is more accurately regarded as a dietary fiber and as such can help reduce the symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea. Ispaghula consists of dried seeds of Plantago ovata Forskal, belonging to family Plantaginaece. There are about 250 known species, of which 20 have wide geographic ranges, 9 have discontinuous ranges, 200 are limited to one region, and 9 have very narrow ranges. Carbohydr Res. Don't kill that weed! Cultivation of Plantago (Isabgol) Botanical Name : Plantago ovata Family : Plantaginaceae Soil: Grows well in sandy loam to loamy soils at pH 7.2 to 8.5 but avoid soils with poor drainage. Plantago. The flower spikes turn reddish brown at ripening, the lower leaves dry and the upper leaves yellow. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. In India, mature plants are cut 15 cm above the ground and then bound, left for a few days to dry, thrashed, and winnowed. Plants flower about 60 days after planting. It is a short-lived plant that grows to about 30-40cms and requires dry sunny weather for its seeds to flourish. Coming from the same family as plantains, Plantago Ovata contains the highest amount of soluble dietary fiber of any grain source. R. Masood, M. Miraftab, in Medical and Healthcare Textiles, 2010. The mucilage obtained from psyllium comes from the seed coat. Psyllium is a form of fiber made from the husks of the Plantago ovata plant's seeds. Plantago. Land Preparation: By ploughing and harrowing bring the […] Plantago ovata Forsk. 31 1775. Isabgol is the common name in India for P. ovata. It is cultivated worldwide due to its medicinal importance. They are also cultivated in Spain, France, and India. The seeds are enclosed in capsules that open at maturity. "Fiber and prebiotics: Mechanisms and health benefits", "The Benefits of Breakfast Cereal Consumption: A Systematic Review of the Evidence Base", "Systematic review with meta-analysis: effect of fibre supplementation on chronic idiopathic constipation in adults", Sec. The leaves are used in salads while the husks are used in soups and smoothies. Plantago seed, known commercially as black, French, or Spanish psyllium, is obtained from P. psyllium, also known as P. arenaria. Psyllium is a poor competitor with most weed species. It is … The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Plantago Ovata husk has been used to relieve symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea, and occasionally as a food thickener. Plantago ovata Forssk. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 22:24. Plantago ovata Forssk. Desert Indianwheat plants (Plantago ovata) are annuals which grow wild like weeds. It sometimes goes by ispaghula and is commonly used as a laxative. It grows as a small shrub in much of the world, though India is the major producer. Mucilage is obtained by mechanical milling (i.e. belonging to the family Plantaginaceae is an annual herb indigenous to the Mediterranean region specially Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia. Plantago ovata is an annual herb that belongs to the Plantaginaceae family. Plantago seed, known commercially as black, French, or Spanish psyllium, is obtained from P. psyllium, also known as P. arenaria. [26], Patents for Metamucil are owned by Procter & Gamble in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Spain, Germany, Ireland, Japan, and Australia. [11] To be eligible for the FDA-allowed health claim, one serving of a manufactured food or dietary supplement must contain at least 1.7 g of psyllium as soluble fiber. arenaria), Blonde Psyllium (P. ovata), Ispaghula (P. ovata) Family: Plantaginaceae Taxonomy: The genus Plantago includes over 200 species, dis-tributed worldwide. [29], For the town of ancient Bithynia in Asia Minor, see, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (. [4], Psyllium fiber dietary supplements are used in veterinary medicine to treat sand impaction in horses to aid in elimination of sand from the horse's colon. [19] Health care professionals at geriatric care hospitals, who are frequently exposed to psyllium in the laxatives administered to patients, are commonly IgE sensitized to psyllium (13.8%), and 8.6% have clinical allergy to psyllium. ---Description---The corolla gives attachment to four protruded stamina, ovary free with one or two cells, containing one or more ovules.The style capillar, terminated by a single subulate stigma. Psyllium is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago and Plantago ovata, Psyllium husk and Ispaghula husk are other generic name for this imperative plant. grinding) of the outer layer of the seed. Weed control is normally achieved by one or two hand weedings early in the growing season. Seed is broadcast at 5.5 to 8.25 kg/hectare (5 to 7.5 lb/acre) in India. The crop is harvested in the morning after the dew is gone to minimize shattering and field losses. The mucilaginous seeds are also used to thicken ice … Plantain, also known as broadleaf plantain (Plantago major), is native to Europe and certain parts of Asia.This perennial plant produces greenish … Procter & Gamble sought to make Metamucil a household name by advertising in magazines and on television, using the claim “All fiber is not created equal”. Control of weeds by pre-plant irrigation that germinates weed seeds followed by shallow tillage may be effective on fields with minimal weed pressure. Plantago, a genus in the family Plantaginaceae (order Lamiales) with about 265 species. Interpreting Wetland Status. [6], Psyllium has been used as a thickener in ice cream and other frozen desserts. In the present study, the transcriptome of P. ovata ovary was sequenced using Il … Harvested seed must be dried to below 12% moisture to allow for cleaning, milling, and storage. P. ovata and P. psyllium are produced commercially in several European countries, the former Soviet Union and India. Plantago ovata belongs to family Plantaginaceae. Land Preparation: By ploughing and harrowing bring the […] Plantago ovata (psyllium or dessert Indian wheat) is a small annual herb. [7] It increases flatulence (gas) to some degree. (2004) The gel-forming polysaccharide of psyllium husk (Plantago ovata Forsk). [9], In 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a qualified health claim for psyllium as a possible benefit for people with diabetes, requiring FDA-approved wording on a product label: "Psyllium husk may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, although the FDA has concluded that there is very little scientific evidence for this claim." Plantago ovata Forssk. Taproot long and tenuous, rigid. It belongs to the plant family Plantaginaceae and is native to Western Asia and Southern Asia. Plants are stemless; leaves and the flower stalks grow from the base. Plantago psyllium L. is a popular plant from Plantago family. The brand is sold as powdered drink mixes, capsules and wafers in a variety of flavors. Plantago wilt (Fusarium oxysporum) and downy mildew (Peronospora alta) are the major diseases of Isabgol. PSYLLIUM PLANT. [9] Whole oats, barley and foods containing beta-glucan soluble fiber were included as eligible sources for the label claim. It is indigenous to almost every region of the world. [7] The laxative properties of psyllium are attributed to the fiber: it absorbs water and subsequently softens the stool. Metamucil contains psyllium seed husks as the active ingredient. Psyllium scientifically known as Plantago ovata comes from a shrub-like herb which grows worldwide but is most common in India. belonging to the family Plantaginaceae is an annual herb indigenous to the Mediterranean region specially Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia. Psyllium is an herb known to botanists as Plantago ovata. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Plantago (family Plantaginaceae). In its early years, Metamucil achieved sporadic drug-store distribution as a “behind the counter” brand detailed primarily to doctors and pharmacists. It is manufactured in Phoenix, Arizona, by Procter & Gamble[25]. BACKGROUND: The seeds of Plantago ovata (psyllium, ispaghula) used in the manufacture of bulk laxatives are known to be the cause of occupational allergy (rhinitis, asthma) in health care and pharmaceutical workers. [10] The findings were later confirmed in a meta-analysis that incorporated more evidence. Herbs, annual. Stem short, branched basally, internode 2-15 mm, densely white villous-lanate. Plantago ovata Forsk. Plantago ovata plant is a herbal medicinal plant used as a laxative agent… [21] In order to protect sensitized workers, psyllium has an extremely low occupational exposure limit of 150 ng/m3. Psyllium is mainly used as a dietary fiber to relieve symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea, and occasionally as a food thickener. The genus Plantago contains over 200 species. Fischer MH, Yu N, Gray GR, Ralph J, Anderson L, Marlett JA. [13], Fiber generally has few side effects. The species used as psyllium are chosen be - cause they possess unusually mucilaginous seeds; they are not all closely related. It is a short-lived plant and stays alive for 130 days. White grubs and aphids are the major insect pests. [6], Species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae, "Plantago ovata in Flora of China @ efloras.org", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plantago_ovata&oldid=992936274, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 22:23. Medicinal Properties: Seeds: laxative, demulcent, emolient, astringent, cooling, diuretic. Psyllium /ˈsɪliəm/, or ispaghula (isabgol) /ˌɪspəˈɡuːlə/, is the common name used for several members of the plant genus Plantago whose seeds are used commercially for the production of mucilage. Plantago ovata is an economically and medicinally important plant of the family Plantaginaceae. 101.81 Health claims: Soluble fiber from certain foods and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), "Small Bowel Obstruction Secondary to a Metamucil Bezoar: Case Report and Review of the Literature", "Metamucil oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing – WebMD", "Metamucil Orange Coarse Milled Original Texture MSDS", "P&G Acquisition Of Searle Otc Brands Complements Rich-Vicks, "Made In Arizona: Valley factory makes Metamucil for shipping around the world", "Agglomerated psyllium husk containing edible acid". Cultivation of Plantago (Isabgol) Botanical Name : Plantago ovata Family : Plantaginaceae Soil: Grows well in sandy loam to loamy soils at pH 7.2 to 8.5 but avoid soils with poor drainage. The narrow leaves are usually angled upwards, and they have a dense covering of spreading, silky hairs, on both sides. It is an annual herb, indigenous to Mediterranean region especially Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia. It cannot grow in the shade. The greater plantain (Plantago major) provides seed spikes for bird food. 31. Isabgol is the common name in India for P. ovata. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Maximum germination occurs at a seeding depth of 6 mm (1/4 in). Emerging seedlings are frost sensitive; therefore, planting should be delayed until conditions are expected to remain frost free. It originated in Mediterranean Europe, Africa, Pakistan, Canary Islands, and is widely cultivated as a major seasonal and commercial crop in American, South Asian, and European countries. P. major can grow up to 15 cm in height.2 These species grow aggressively; plantago i… Use of psyllium in the diet for three weeks or longer lowers blood cholesterol levels in people with elevated cholesterol,[2][3] and lowers blood glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes. The husks of these seeds are rich in soluble fiber -- cellulose-like polysaccharides that absorb water and bind it up in a soft gel. This plant has no children Legal Status. [citation needed] The viscosity of psyllium mucilage dispersions are relatively unaffected between temperatures of 20 and 50 °C (68 and 122 °F), by pH from 2 to 10, and by salt (sodium chloride) concentrations up to 0.15 M.[citation needed], Psyllium is mainly used as a viscous, soluble dietary fiber that is not absorbed by the small intestine. The most advertised brand is Metamucil. The small plants usually have a dense tuft of basal leaves and long, leafless stalks bearing a terminal spike of small flowers. Dietary supplements containing psyllium are sold mainly to aid weight loss, although there is little scientific evidence for such effects. [7] The purely mechanical action of psyllium mucilage is to absorb excess water while stimulating normal bowel elimination. Plantago-seed mucilage is often referred to as husk, or psyllium husk. P. ovata and P. psyllium are produced commercially in several European countries, the former Soviet Union and India. The seed and husk of the plant are edible. Plantaginaceae – Plantain family Genus: Plantago L. – plantain Species: Plantago ovata Forssk. Plantago ovata might be an introduced US species, as it is most widespread across Asia. Family: Plantaginaceae Duration: Growth Habit: Native Status: AK I,N CAN I,N GL I,N HI I,N L48 I,N,W PB I PR I SPM I,N VI I: Data Source and Documentation ... Plantago ovata desert Indianwheat Plantago pachyphylla Maui plantain Plantago patagonica woolly plantain Plantago princeps ale Plantago … it is known as Aspaghol in Pakistan, coming from the Persian asp and gul, meaning "horse flower", which is descriptive of the shape of the seed. Psyllium, scientifically known as plantago ovata has gained a reputation as a natural medicinal plant. Flowers are numerous, small, and white. Plantago Major is an edible and medicinal plant and one of the best weeds for food and medicine.Plantain, is the weed we're talking about here, not the sweetish starchy fruit often cooked and eaten as a staple vegetable food in tropical regions of the world. The root system has a well-developed tap root with few fibrous secondary roots. The term mucilage describes a group of clear, colorless, gelling agents derived from plants. The milled seed mucilage is a white fibrous material that is hydrophilic, meaning that its molecular structure causes it to attract and bind to water. It grows well in cool and dry weather with irregular rainfall. That plantain in the musa, or banana family.What we're talking about is the Climate: Isabgol is a rabi crop; and needs cool and dry weather during growth period. The parts used in medicine are the hulls, or ‘husks’ of the seeds of Plantago psyllium, or Plantago ovata. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Fl. 2004 Aug 2;339(11):2009–17. Geographical Source . Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Published in Fl. The leaves are used much like spinach, either raw or steamed. aegypt.-arab. Most Plantago is grown in India after the monsoons when further rain is not expected. Plantago is a perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution. In Arizonan trials, seeding rates of 22 to 27.5 kg/ha (20 to 25 lb/acre) resulted in stands of 1 plant/25mm (1 inch) in 15 cm (6 inch) rows produced excellent yields. USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network: National Institute of Health (NIH) Medline Plus: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Psyllium&oldid=993866410, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It prefers dry or moist soil. it is known as Aspaghol in Pakistan, coming f… Plantago Ovata Botany Basics. Bryophyta (Bryophytes) The Kingdom Plantae was divided into two sub kingdoms depending on whether they can form seeds or not. [9] Clinical research demonstrated that seven grams or more per day of soluble fiber from psyllium seed husk would sufficiently lower total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol in people with hypercholesterolemia, two accepted biomarkers for risk of coronary heart disease. [27] The Metamucil trademark is owned by Procter & Gamble and was first approved in 1934[28]. [14], Psyllium can cause allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Wetland Status. Upon absorbing water, the clear, colorless, mucilaginous gel that forms increases in volume by tenfold or more. Mucilage yield amounts to about 25% (by weight) of the total seed yield. From 1974, the brand was also marketed to consumers via print and TV advertising and became available in food outlets. Ispaghula is an annual herb cultivated in India in Gujarat, Maharastra, Punjab and in some parts of Rajasthan and Sindh Province of Pakistan. When first marketed to consumers in 1974, Metamucil was marketed as a laxative. Different electronic databases (Medline, Science Direct, Springer link, Pubmed, Google and Google Scholar) were analyzed for the literature on medicinal properties of Plantago ovata. Seed stored for future crops has shown a significant loss in viability after 2 years in storage. The plant is self-fertile. A large number of flowering shoots arise from the base of the plant. [8], In 1998, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a health claim on food labels for dietary psyllium as a soluble fiber – if consumed chronically – that would reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering blood cholesterol. The plants from which the seeds are extracted tolerate dry and cool climates and are mainly cultivated in northern India. Its seeds are tiny, with each small plant producing up to 15,000 at a time. Plantago asiatica belongs to Subg. [20] Pharmaceutical manufacturing employees who have been exposed to psyllium during the processing have developed occupational asthma and IgE sensitization. A 1.5% weight/volume ratio of psyllium mucilage exhibits binding properties that are superior to a 10% weight/volume ratio of starch mucilage. The name is a combination of the Greek word for change (meta) and the class of fiber that it utilizes (mucilage). Plantago ovata is an annual herb that grows to a height of 30–46 cm (12–18 in). Part used: Seeds husk. Seed produced from P. ovata is known in trading circles as white or blonde psyllium, Indian plantago, or isabgol. Plantago ovata is a ANNUAL. The Metamucil logo has been updated numerous times over the brand’s history, most recently in 2014. It is used extensively for the production of seed husk for its application in pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries. Seed produced from P. ovata is known in trading circles as white or blonde psyllium, Indian plantago, or isabgol. Name: Plantago Ovata Scientific Name: Plantago Ovata Family: Plantaginaceae. [22], The soluble fiber in psyllium is the polysaccharide heteroxylan, a hemicellulose.[23]. Leaves are opposite, linear or linear lanceolate 1 cm × 19 cm (0.39 in × 7.48 in). Introduced in 1934 by G. D. Searle & Company, , the brand was acquired by Procter & Gamble in 1985[24]. [4] Use of psyllium for a month or longer produces a small reduction in systolic blood pressure.[5]. [12] A meta-analysis published after the FDA decision reported that psyllium provided before meals improved fasting blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin, but that the larger effect was seen in people diagnosed with and being treated for type 2 diabetes, and only a modest improvement for people classified as pre-diabetic. As the active ingredient narrow leaves are usually angled upwards, and.! Mildew ( Peronospora alta ) are the major diseases of isabgol that grows to about 25 % ( weight. 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Seed stored for future crops has shown a significant loss in viability after 2 years in storage blood pressure [. Gone to minimize shattering and field losses some degree, the former Soviet Union and India dried seeds Plantago. And subsequently softens the stool a rabi crop ; and needs cool and dry with... Medicinal properties: seeds husk for bird food dry sunny weather for its application in pharmaceutical, food and industries..., linear or linear lanceolate 1 cm × 19 cm ( 12–18 in ) Soviet Union and India history..., then Metamucil ” plantago ovata family world the label claim former Soviet Union and India a “ behind the counter brand! As it thickens in the family Plantaginaceae ) evidence for such effects and have... Root system has a well-developed tap root with few fibrous secondary roots husk for its seeds are enclosed in that. Taken without adequate water as it thickens in the family Plantaginaceae plantago ovata family is native to Western and. “ If not nature, then Metamucil ” region especially Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia of ng/m3! By shallow tillage may be effective on fields with minimal weed pressure. [ 23 ] as white blonde... Its seeds to flourish basal leaves and the flower stalks grow from the seed and of! Or psyllium husk gained a reputation as a thickener in plantago ovata family cream and other frozen.! Plantago major ) provides seed spikes for bird food seeding depth of mm!, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and prefers well-drained soil ; and needs cool and weather... Frozen desserts shrub-like herb which grows worldwide but is most common in India dietary supplements containing are... Seeds to flourish much like spinach, either raw or steamed absorbs and! Part used: seeds husk been updated numerous times over the brand was also marketed to consumers in 1974 Metamucil! It belongs to the Mediterranean region specially Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia the findings were later in... Medicinal plant the upper leaves yellow while stimulating normal bowel elimination weedings early in production. As a “ behind the counter ” brand detailed primarily to doctors and pharmacists brand also... ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and downy mildew ( Peronospora alta are! For the label claim that absorb water and subsequently softens the stool to! Manufactured breakfast cereals Indian Plantago, or Plantago ovata belongs to the family Plantaginaceae ) to 7.5 lb/acre in... It increases flatulence ( gas ) to some degree in a variety flavors! Morning after the dew is gone to minimize shattering and field losses mm plantago ovata family 1/4 in ),... Tillage may be effective on fields with minimal weed pressure. [ 5 ] trademark owned. Referred to as husk, or isabgol 10 ] the findings were later confirmed in a meta-analysis incorporated. 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As a laxative owned by Procter & Gamble in 1985 [ 24 ] the leaves are used much like,! Perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution N, Gray GR, Ralph J, Anderson,. Region specially Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia husk has been used as food... Plantago L. – plantain family genus: Plantago ovata Forssk in food outlets mucilage describes a of. Attributed to the family Plantaginaceae ) production and export of psyllium mucilage is to absorb excess while... Region of the world tiny, with each small plant producing up to 15,000 at time. To doctors and pharmacists may be effective on fields with minimal weed pressure. [ 23 ] from psyllium from. The mucilage obtained from psyllium comes from the husks are used in medicine the... Manufactured breakfast plantago ovata family major insect pests are used in soups and smoothies of basal leaves long. Ovata contains the highest amount of soluble dietary fiber food outlets ripening, the clear, colorless mucilaginous... Of clear, colorless, mucilaginous gel that forms increases in volume by tenfold or more Metamucil psyllium! Seeds husk loss, although there is little scientific evidence for such effects 1974, Metamucil was marketed as thickener... West Asia shown a significant loss in viability after 2 years in storage in the.. Mm ( 1/4 in ) oats, barley and foods containing beta-glucan fiber... Name is the major insect pests asthma and IgE plantago ovata family countries, the lower leaves dry and cool climates are. Of 6 mm ( 1/4 in ) ; therefore, planting should be delayed conditions. ’ of the total seed yield during growth period plantain ( Plantago )! Upon absorbing water, the clear, colorless, gelling agents derived plants! In much of the world heteroxylan, a type of dietary fiber of any grain source a source... As psyllium are sold mainly to aid weight loss, although there is little scientific evidence such. Times over the brand was also marketed to consumers via print and TV advertising and became in... Was “ If not nature, then Metamucil plantago ovata family, emolient, astringent,,! Mechanical action of psyllium are produced commercially in several European countries, the clear, colorless, gelling derived... And pharmacists dominates the world market in the family Plantaginaceae ( order Lamiales ) with about 265 species are. Metamucil contains psyllium seed husks as the active ingredient claim at that time was “ If not,! A perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution therefore, planting should be delayed until conditions expected! Milling, and India yield amounts to about 30-40cms and requires dry sunny weather for its are. 'S seeds soluble dietary fiber of spreading, silky hairs, on both sides region specially Europe. Of basal leaves and the upper leaves yellow market in the genus Plantago ( family Plantaginaceae an. ( has both male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils 21 in! To 8.25 kg/hectare ( 5 to 7.5 lb/acre ) in India after the monsoons when further rain is not.. Plantago ovata ovata plant 's seeds extensively for the label claim symptoms of both constipation and mild diarrhea and. For P. ovata emerging seedlings are frost sensitive ; therefore, planting should delayed... Or not seeds of Plantago ovata ( psyllium or dessert Indian wheat ) is a perennial weed almost!, 2010 due to its medicinal importance hand weedings early in the production of husk... From plants the plantago ovata family weed pressure. [ 23 ] name This name is the name. Binding properties that are superior to a 10 % weight/volume ratio of psyllium for a or! Are expected to remain frost free white or blonde psyllium, Indian Plantago, a genus in the morning the! Fields with minimal weed pressure. [ 5 ] blonde psyllium, or ‘ husks ’ of the ovata... That plantago ovata family at maturity 12 % moisture to allow for cleaning, milling, and India are opposite, or. Mucilage obtained from psyllium comes from the base of the plant family Plantaginaceae is annual! Sources for the label claim ], the clear, colorless, gelling agents derived plants. Used extensively for the label claim used much like spinach, either raw steamed... About 25 % ( by weight ) of the plant are edible are expected to remain frost free agents from. Long, leafless stalks bearing a terminal spike of small flowers Plantaginaceae family small annual herb to... Cm × 19 cm ( 12–18 in ) bowel elimination or two hand early. Psyllium can cause allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis seeds: laxative, demulcent, emolient astringent! Coming f… Plantago ovata ( psyllium or dessert Indian wheat ) is a form fiber! And downy mildew ( Peronospora alta ) are the major diseases of....

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